Lionel Carter has been Professor of Marine Geology at Victoria University of Wellington since 2007, after more than three decades as a government and NIWA scientist studying ocean behaviour and history of the Southwest Pacific region. His research into modern and past ocean processes has produced 140 peer-reviewed papers and has contributed to several leading international science initiatives including the Ocean Drilling Program, MARGINS “Source to Sink” and the Antarctic Drilling (ANDRILL) program. A major theme of Lionel's research centres on deciphering marine geological records to understand past changes in global climate. This research has contributed to the development of observational and numerical models that aid prediction of potential environmental responses to the current phase of global warming. Part of this work has been applied to a wide range of marine engineering projects including route definition and deployment of submarine telecommunication and power cables.